The Italian won't be eligible to race until May 3, 2021, at which point he will be 34 years old.
The two riders were removed from the Giro d'Italia one day before it started because of failed anti-doping controls.
The Italian team's sport director Stefano Zanatta said it's possible the squad could be kicked out of the race before it reaches Milan.
Italians Stefano Pirazzi and Nicola Ruffoni will not start the Giro d'Italia Friday after failing out of competition anti-doping tests.
Marcel Kittel beat out Nicola Ruffoni (Bardiani) and Mark Cavendish (Omega Pharma-Quick Step) in the 104.8km circuit race